You might want to think twice before throwing out your garden waste, as researchers believe it might be used to make Jet Fuel to the cheaper flights. Scientists say that in the next few years we can be flying on bio-fueled planes using a new technique that converts grass clippings into Gasoline. Currently scientists can only produce a few drops of bio-fuel, however with slightly more work they believe they might power business flights. Its a new discovery by scientists.
Until now, grass has primarily served as feed for animals. But except that, grass can even be used as bio-fuel. As a result of its huge abundance, grass is the good source of energy, said scientist way Cern Khor from Gent University in Belgium. Khor investigated ways which will disintegrate and treat grass till it can be used as a fuel.
How Does a Grass Can turn into Jet Fuel:
To improve its biodegradability, the grass was pre-treated initially and then bacteria were added. They convert the sugars within the grass into lactic acid and its derivatives. This lactic acid will serve as an intermediate chemical to provide other compounds like biodegradable plastics (PLA) or fuels.
Researchers note that although cars are turning electrical, planes don’t seem to be, and will not be for the next 20 years at least. If we will keep functioning on optimizing this method, notably in cooperation with industrial partners, the efficiency can come up and feasibility will follow, Dr Khor said.
Right now the quantity of Bio-fuel that can be made up of grass remains limited to a few drops. The current method is incredibly expensive, and engines should be adapted to this new kind of fuel. ‘And perhaps in a few years we will all fly on Jet Fuel made up by grass’, he said.
Aviation alone contributes nearly 3 per cent of world carbon emissions, a share that’s probably to grow in the future as economies develop, as per the report by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) in March. Existing bio-fuel production stands at one billion liters a year, or just 0.004 per cent of current global fuel demand, IRENA specialists said. Production plants at planning stage or under construction may add another 2 billion liters annually of ethanol, methanol, mixed alcohol and jet fuels.
The pace of production and investment will have to increase exponentially, and projects develop further afield, if advanced liquid bio-fuels are to fulfill their sensible and economic potential for displacing fossil fuels,’ the report said. With the right choice of the proper raw material about 12 per cent of transport fuel might come back from renewable sources by 2030, said Francisco Boshell, a technology analyst at IRENA and one of the report’s authors. The right materials may include forest waste like sawdust, fast-growing trees, agricultural residue, algae and high-energy crops, like grasses grown on degraded parcels of land round the world.